The pin circled in yellow on the setting lever rides in the groove circled in yellow in the setting lever jumper. You’ve got the parts in the right place but try loosening the screws holding down the setting lever jumper and positioning it properly. The quickset works with the crown pulled out once and turning one way for day, the other for date. Another pulls sets the hands. Mike
The top pin engages the detent spring of the cover plate.
I think this is the same as in the attached service instruction. You can see the bidirectional turning on the first page. Also, while manually turning wheels in the "set ridge rocking bar" I can see that the lower wheel engages and disengages from the train depending on direction of turn.
I had this working correctly at one point but forget how.